Baku, sometimes known as Baki, is the capital and the largest city of Azerbaijan. Located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, the city consists of two principal parts: the downtown and the old Inner City (21,5 ha). Population is around 2...Read more
Ganja is Azerbaijan's second-largest city. In Soviet times it was named Kirovabad. According to medieval Arab sources, the city of Ganja was founded in 859-60 by Mohammad b. Khaled b. Yazid b. Mazyad, the Arab governor of the region in the reign of...Read more
One of the most ancient settlements and cultural centres of Azerbaijan, Sheki was founded more than 2700 years ago at the southern slopes of the Major Caucasus Mountains Chain (370 kilometres to the north-west from Baku). During its millennial...Read more
The ancient town of Shemakha is located at the foothills of the Big Caucasus Mountains Chain. The general elevation of Shemakha is 800 meters over the sea level. One of the most ancient oriental trading cities, it claims to be the city of...Read more
The main city and capital of the Nakhchivan Republic, also called Nakhchivan, was an ancient trading centre. Some historians consider that it was founded in the 16th century BC. The Greeks and Romans called it Nacksuana/Naxuana (from the Greek for...Read more
Located on the northern coast of the Apsheron peninsula, on the estuary of the river of the same name, and with a population of 275.000, Sumgait is the third largest city in Azerbaijan (after Baku and Ganja). Sumgait is the perfect example of a city...Read more
Barda is a town in Barda District, Azerbaijan. For a long period Barda was the seat of both the Albanian kings and the Albanian Christian Chruch as well as an important trading and cultural centre, but it declined after the Arab invasions. Located...Read more
Qax is a pleasant and tranquil provincial town, northwest of Sheki, at the base of an appendix of Azeri territory that penetrates into Georgia and Dagestan. Not surprisingly a large proportion of the population is Georgian. The town was built on the...Read more
The city of Quba is located 170 km to the north of Baku right on the picturesque hillsides. In the past it was the capital of Quba khanate which was founded in the mid -18th century. The unsurpassed beauty of the local mountains was praised by such...Read more
Qusar is a sort of capital for the northern Lezghian minority and is home to the 'Lezghian National Theatre'. While much of the population still speaks Lezghi the town isn't visibly much different from other provincial centres. It does, however, have...Read more
Located in an area of tall mountains and deep canyons, near the Garachay and Gochalanchay rivers, Gabala is notorious for the ruins of an ancient walled city (Chukur Gabala), dating back to the 4th century BC. Situated south of Mirzabaili, 20km from...Read more
This is a small seaside city near the southern border with Iran, with a population of 45.000, most of which are Iranian Talysh . The Talysh have preserved their old traditions and customs. They number about 30.000 in an area of about 600 sq. km,...Read more
Mingechaur is located on the Kura River . It is well-known first of all for its water basin which local residents call the â€œ Mingechaur Sea â€. It provides nearby areas of the republic with water. Located on the coast of the water basin is the...Read more
Ordubad is the second most significant city of Nakhchivan area. It stretches in the form of amphitheater on the slopes of Ordubadchai gorge. It is one of the most beautiful and ancient Azerbaijani cities. Ordubad has been known since the 12th...Read more
When in Shamakhi tourists always visit it in the vicinities of historical -architectural resort Lagich built in the 5th century AD in Girdimanchaj river canyon (The Major Caucasus). This village is named after Iranian tribe lagich which came there in...Read more
Balaken district – the most northwestern district in Azerbaijan. If you arrive from Georgia via Lagodekhi, then sleepy Balakan will be the first Azeri town you'll see. The town's commercial centre is around the bazaar. However, the town's only sight,...Read more
Oghuz is a rayon (administrative division, equivalent of English county) of Azerbaijan. The capital, also renamed Oguz, maintains three old castles, a lot of old mosques,some archaeological monuments and two attractive old Caucasus Albanian churches...Read more
Azerbaijan Cities: Baku, Ganja, Lenkoran, Nakhichevan, SumgayitThis section contain general touristic information on Azerbaijan cities such as Baku, Ganja, Shaki, Shemakha, Nakhichevan, Sumgayit, Gabala and other.
Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan, located on the Caspian Sea. The population of Baku is 1,873,600 people (2007), the area of Baku is 2200 sq.km. The city is divided into 11 districts and consist of 5 townships. The historical city center is the fortress Inner city (or Inner Town), located on the southern slope of the Baku plateau. The amplitude of the heights are from 28 m below sea level to 100-250 m above sea level. To the west of Baku there are 2 mountain peaks (400 m each), which are called ‘Gates of Baku’. Look for more elaborate information on Baku below.
Ganja is a city in the Republic of Azerbaijan, the second in terms of population after Baku. Located at the north-eastern foot of the Lesser Caucasus, on the river Ganjachay. Ganja is a center of historical area named Arran. According to the anonymous Stories of Derbent, Ganja was founded in 859. Ganja was established as a settlement due to its favorable geographical location at the crossroads of ancient caravan routes. In 1804-1918 the city has been renamed as Elizavetpol, but in 1918-1935 the name Ganja was restored. Still, in 1935-1989 Ganja was renamed again as Kirovabad. In 1989 the city has restored it’s original name Ganja and it remained so till today. In Soviet times Ganja (that time known as Kirovabad) became the second industrial and cultural center of Azerbaijan after Baku.
Shaki, one of the oldest cities in the Caucasus, is situated at an altitude of 500-850 meters above sea level. Such a high position, as well as mountain forests around the city area prevent Shaki from excessive heating. Mountain forests also help to protect the city from floods, as well as decorate the city view. The forests are mostly of beech and walnut trees. Shaki and its area is especially famous for ancient monuments. The city has a small silk industry, but the main income is produced by Shaki agricultural sector. Mostly this sector is presented by grapes, tobacco, different kinds of nuts, cereals. Also it can be cattle and milk industry.See also information below on Shemakha, Nakhichevan, Sumgayit, Barda, Qax, Guba, Qusar, Gabala, Lenkoran, Mingechaur, Ordubad.